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The AABB’s Relationship Testing Accreditation program is the international gold standard for DNA paternity testing laboratories. The program establishes and promotes the highest Standards of testing quality and care for patients in all aspects of parentage and other relationship testing. Most courts and other government agencies require DNA tests to be performed by AABB-accredited laboratories.

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ACLASS is an international laboratory accreditation organization. Their rigorous inspection procedures are recognized by ILAC, APLAC, and IAAC through the signing of Multilateral Recognition Arrangements. ISO/IEC 17025 is the international standard set for ensuring the technical competency of laboratories. ISO/IEC 17025 covers every aspect of laboratory management, ranging from sample preparation to analytical testing proficiency to record keeping and reports.

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The CAP Laboratory Accreditation Program is recognized by the federal government as being equal to or more stringent than the government’s own laboratory inspection program.

CAP accreditation also requires laboratories to participate in its Proficiency Testing Program, in which CAP sends samples to the laboratories for DNA testing and evaluates the laboratories’ results. Many laboratories participate in this program but do not obtain accreditation, which entails a more rigorous, on-site laboratory inspection.